Cannabis has been around and cultivated for thousands of years, yet there is still confusion about which types do what. You may wonder why some people have different experiences with cannabis, which can either be a complete relaxation of the entire body or simply a mentally stimulating and uplifting sensation.
Each of the two types of cannabis, namely indica and sativa, has their own characteristics and effects.
The Origin of Cannabis Sativa
Cannabis sativa plants are characterized by their long, “finger-like” leaves. They thrive in hotter climates with longer daylight hours as they are originally grown in equatorial countries and nearby regions, like Mexico and Thailand. Sativas grow between eight to 12 feet but can grow taller than 20 feet if the environment allows them.
Sativa was the first Cannabis species to be identified and given a name. Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus discovered it in 1753 and named it “sativa”, after the Latin word for “cultivated.”
The Origin of Cannabis Indica
Linnaeus thought that Cannabis sativa is a singular plant species. It was not until 30 years later that someone else would come across another type of Cannabis, which was distinctly different from sativa.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, a French naturalist, discovered Cannabis indica in 1783. He introduced and proposed the idea of “Cannabis” being an umbrella term for different types of species. His idea was rejected, and it was not adopted and accepted until the 1900s.
Cannabis indica plants are significantly shorter than sativa. They stand at roughly three to four feet high with broader leaves. They are also darker in colour, usually a lush forest green, which is an indication of high concentrations of chlorophyll. Cannabis indica grows in countries with harsh plant-growing environments like India and Morocco.
The Different Effects of Sativa and Indica
Sativas are often enjoyed during the daytime because of their energizing and uplifting effects. They are widely known to boost creativity and mental focus, making them popular among philosophers, artists and musicians. So if you are looking to be more functional and continuously productive, sativas may be what you’re looking for.
Indicas, on the other hand, are what you might need when you need to relax and fall asleep. Alternatively, indicas are also known to be great painkillers. Indicas can also heighten your senses during certain activities like listening to music, touching different textures and eating food.
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